Bedayaa

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Homophobia, Transphobia and Resistance

Posted by Bedayaa on May 17, 2016 at 7:40 AM

May 17th, the international  day against homophobia & Transphobia, is a day of celebration for political triumphs in some countries and a day to raise awareness against homophobia & Transphobia in others. It has become essential for members of the Queer movement to identify the reasons for homophobia to be able to tackle such issue. An issue that has become a social and a political one throughout the recent decades. A lot of diverse theories were formed in attempts to explain homophobia & Transphobia; some argue that homophobia & Transphobia in countries such as Egypt is due to religious and social codes that became political later on.

Those who believe such, one of their many used methodologies is to fight homophobia & Transphobia through finding alternative interpretations of the given religion.

On the other hand, some explain homophobia & Transphobia in lights of patriarchy while attempting to relate political crackdowns to concepts of masculinity, femininity and heteronormativity combined with ideas of countries of the MENA region having collectivist cultures.

 

Moreover, some also assume a historical approach and question why sexuality, in the beginning, became a discourse for society and the state since late 19th, early 20th century. The evidence found; homoerotic art and literature, points to the discourse’s appearance in late 17th century Europe when and where sex, sexuality and gender became the church and the state’s concern, reformed through notions of patriarchy and heteronormativity, that later on, was transferred to the East through colonization. It is believed that explaining homophobia& Transphobia combines all the aforementioned reasons and explanations as it is difficult to explain human behavior through a single model.

One cannot tackle the topic at hand without mentioning hate crimes and political crackdowns on Queers. The state does not offer protection for homosexuals & Transsexuals if not initiates attacks itself. It is not illegal to be homosexual or Transsexuals in some countries in the Middle East. However, the police and the state crackdowns; arrests and harassments occur on daily basis. This usually happens on the basis of debauchery, which may explain to some why others believe that homophobia & Transphobia rise from religious and cultural codes in the beginning.

Moreover, it is impossible to separate LGBT rights from human rights and if those activists who identify as human rights defenders face the state’s disapproval, they may have the public opinion by their side. However, this is not the case for LGBT right defenders nor members of the community. The state uses its power through arrests to maintain its Islamic façade as the public opinion condemns those of different sexualities and genders. In addition, LGBTs face day-to-day rejection and alienation, if not hate crimes, once their sexual identity is exposed within their society. All these political and social stressors contribute towards the member’s psychological wellbeing and health. Thus, directly affecting his functionality as a member of society.

It’s of the human psyche’s nature to strive for social acceptance while, more importantly, maintain its own individuality. Social acceptance doesn’t necessarily translate into the mainstream society’s acceptance, however, the parent culture at the least. As the social member gains his lively functionality from his direct surroundings; family, friends and the work place, therefore it’s paradoxical to expect members who experience such stressors to lead a healthy and normally functional life within the mainstream society or the parent sub-culture.

LGBTs don’t only fear arrests or alienation due to their sexual identity, at times they also fear street harassment. Such harassments don’t happen to some individuals on the basis of being Queer. However, such harassments occur to those who don’t conform to the social images of men and women. They can be vary between casual, everyday verbal harassment or it becomes violent at other times leading to physical brutality or death in some cases. Thus, fear becomes constant and daily for members leaving LGBTs incapacitated; unable to mobilize, ask for their rights and freedoms and develop social anxieties.

Although one might think that when a person faces such pressures would only assume passivity, LGBTs and Queers; members and defenders work relentlessly to claim their spaces, rights and freedoms in both private and public realms. Resistance manifests itself in accepting others, offering support to one another and demanding rights through advocacy, spreading awareness and voicing the unheard. tional day against homophobia & Transphobia, is a day of celebration for political triumphs in some countries and a day to raise awareness against homophobia & Transphobia in others. It has become essential for members of the Queer movement to identify the reasons for homophobia to be able to tackle such issue. An issue that has become a social and a political one throughout the recent decades. A lot of diverse theories were formed in attempts to explain homophobia & Transphobia; some argue that homophobia & Transphobia in countries such as Egypt is due to religious and social codes that became political later on.

Those who believe such, one of their many used methodologies is to fight homophobia & Transphobia through finding alternative interpretations of the given religion.

On the other hand, some explain homophobia & Transphobia in lights of patriarchy while attempting to relate political crackdowns to concepts of masculinity, femininity and heteronormativity combined with ideas of countries of the MENA region having collectivist cultures.

 

Moreover, some also assume a historical approach and question why sexuality, in the beginning, became a discourse for society and the state since late 19th, early 20th century. The evidence found; homoerotic art and literature, points to the discourse’s appearance in late 17th century Europe when and where sex, sexuality and gender became the church and the state’s concern, reformed through notions of patriarchy and heteronormativity, that later on, was transferred to the East through colonization. It is believed that explaining homophobia& Transphobia combines all the aforementioned reasons and explanations as it is difficult to explain human behavior through a single model.

One cannot tackle the topic at hand without mentioning hate crimes and political crackdowns on Queers. The state does not offer protection for homosexuals & Transsexuals if not initiates attacks itself. It is not illegal to be homosexual or Transsexuals in some countries in the Middle East. However, the police and the state crackdowns; arrests and harassments occur on daily basis. This usually happens on the basis of debauchery, which may explain to some why others believe that homophobia & Transphobia rise from religious and cultural codes in the beginning.

Moreover, it is impossible to separate LGBT rights from human rights and if those activists who identify as human rights defenders face the state’s disapproval, they may have the public opinion by their side. However, this is not the case for LGBT right defenders nor members of the community. The state uses its power through arrests to maintain its Islamic façade as the public opinion condemns those of different sexualities and genders. In addition, LGBTs face day-to-day rejection and alienation, if not hate crimes, once their sexual identity is exposed within their society. All these political and social stressors contribute towards the member’s psychological wellbeing and health. Thus, directly affecting his functionality as a member of society.

It’s of the human psyche’s nature to strive for social acceptance while, more importantly, maintain its own individuality. Social acceptance doesn’t necessarily translate into the mainstream society’s acceptance, however, the parent culture at the least. As the social member gains his lively functionality from his direct surroundings; family, friends and the work place, therefore it’s paradoxical to expect members who experience such stressors to lead a healthy and normally functional life within the mainstream society or the parent sub-culture.

LGBTs don’t only fear arrests or alienation due to their sexual identity, at times they also fear street harassment. Such harassments don’t happen to some individuals on the basis of being Queer. However, such harassments occur to those who don’t conform to the social images of men and women. They can be vary between casual, everyday verbal harassment or it becomes violent at other times leading to physical brutality or death in some cases. Thus, fear becomes constant and daily for members leaving LGBTs incapacitated; unable to mobilize, ask for their rights and freedoms and develop social anxieties.

Although one might think that when a person faces such pressures would only assume passivity, LGBTs and Queers; members and defenders work relentlessly to claim their spaces, rights and freedoms in both private and public realms. Resistance manifests itself in accepting others, offering support to one another and demanding rights through advocacy, spreading awareness and voicing the unheard.

 

Queerette

 

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